DANIEL WILLIAMS & JULIA ANN MARGARET DUNCAN
 
 
Daniel Williams was born on December 18, 1821 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. He
married Julia Ann Margaret Duncan on June 1, 1846 in Salisbury Township, Lancaster County by Rev. John Wallace of Pequea Presbyterian Church in Salisbury Township.1
 
Julia Ann Duncan was born on Jul 6, 1827 in also in Lancaster County.  Julia is a daughter of James Duncan (born Ireland) and Nancy Groff from Lancaster. Most likely, James and Nancy never married. You can find Julia in censuses in the 1830's living as a "church charge" on Duncan's Island, Perry County, PA, where she was likely orphaned.
 
The family is recorded in the 1850 Census, 1860 census, 1870 census, 1880 census and 1900 census.
 
The 1850 Census records Daniel's name as John.  Perhaps his full name was John Daniel.
 
Daniel and Julia lived on a farm on Conestoga Boulevard north of Safe Harbor, Conestoga Township, Lancaster County. The farm is located approximately 0.7 miles north of the River Road intersection.  The farm coincides with the 1860-1880 map showing Daniel Williams as the land owner. 
 
Daniel died on October 1, 1902 in Conestoga, Pennsylvania. Julia died of pneumonia on February 12, 1908 in Little Washington, Pennsylvania. They are both buried at the Mount Zion Evangelical Congregational Cemetery in Conestoga Township, Lancaster County.
 
Daniel's estate at the time of his decease was recorded in the Lancaster County courthouse and consists of the following:  contents in house $26.50; 1/2 interest in corn $12.50; corn sheller, hay rake and sleigh $1.50; 3 1/2 bushels of rye $1.75; 1/2 interest in rye straw $4.00; cow $10.00; 2,400 tobacco lath $10.00; horse $15.00; wagon $7.00; buggy $6.00; market wagon $5.00; spike harrow $2.00; shovel-harrow, plow and wheel-barrow $6.00; trough, cradle and ladder $1.25; lot of posts and lumber $1.50; 1/2 interest in tobacco $25.00, harness $1.50; and a grind-stone and stove $0.50, which totaled $137.00.

The New Era Newspaper from Lancaster published the following obituary for Daniel on
October 3, 1902:  
Aged Colored Man Dead. Daniel Williams, a well-known colored man, of near Conestoga Centre, died on Thursday from heart disease, aged eighty-one years. His wife and several children survive. The funeral will be held on Saturday morning at nine o'clock at the house, and at ten o'clock at Mount Zion Church.
 
The following was recorded in the journal of a funeral director in Conestoga:
Saturday, October 4, 1902 Partly Cloudy, Very Damp Day
Attending funeral of Daniel Williams (colored).
Born 12-12-1821 Died 10-1-1902 Aged 80 yrs 7 month 19 days
Rev. Hiram McVey preached from Isaiah 57:15 on the word "eternity"
Rev. Tobias Finefrock made a few remarks -6 carriages
Bearers: Edward Duke, Jacoby Henry, Henry Shenk, Harry Sensening

Isaiah 57:15 For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.

Daniel had a black skin color as evidenced by his obituary and the funeral director notes.  In addition,  the five censuses that Daniel was recorded in, he was listed as mulatto in four censuses and black in one census.  Therefore, he may have had one black parent and one white parent.  Julia had a white skin color as evidenced by her death certificate and we know that her father came from Ireland. In addition, Julia was listed as white in three census and mulatto in two censuses (most likely by mistake). Daniel's son Jacob D. Williams appears to have fair skin based on a photograph of him late in age. One of the descendents of Jacob D. Williams (son of Daniel) said that she heard of the potential of blacks in the family ancestry. Also, one of the descendents from the same line went to see a dermatologist regarding a skin condition she was having.  The dermatologist said that she surprised him because the condition she had was predominately only found in the black community. A story was also handed down of some black ancestry in the line of Amaziah Williams (son of Daniel).

Daniel's father was most likely Jacob Williams, who lived in Manor from 1820-1830, had children on the poor list, was "colored" and owned a small piece of land. No mother was listed. The following information was received from the Lancaster County Historical Society in January 2013: ....I checked the "poor childrens list," for Daniel Williams.....I found a Daniel William[s] who was 8 years old in 1829 and 9 years old in 1830 being a poor child in Manor Township. (the township adjacent to Conestoga Township). I also found the following Williams childrens' names: Amos (who may have been a twin to Daniel--same age), a Jacob who would have been born in 1819, a Maryann who would have been born c. 1815, and an Elizabeth who seemed to be the youngest child. In varied documents they were designated as being Negro or Black. We need to consult the original documents for more specific information. It appears that as far back as the 1820's, they were thought to be of that race. Unfortunately, there were no parents listed.

References
1.  Marriage Records of Rev. John Wallace of Pequea Presbyterian Church, Salisbury Township, 1833-1866
June 1, 1846 Daniel Williams (Salisbury Township) and Julia Ann Dunken (Drumore)
 
Daniel and Julia had the following children:
Name
Birth Date
Death Date
Spouse
 
Amaziah H. October 1846 1925 Emma C.  
  Jacob D. December 13, 1848 October 31, 1933 Mary M. Eby  
  Martha E. 1850/51 ? ?  
  John F. 1851/52 ? Salinda  
  Daniel D. May 24, 1854 December 12, 1937 Mary Ann Hilton  
  Elias 1855/56 ? ?  
  Juliann H. 1857/58 ? ?  
  Susan 1860/61 ? ?  
  Amos December 1864 ? Maria Harting  
  Catherine 1867/68 ? ?  
  Jonas D. March 1870 ? Lizzie A.  

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